Botanical Name of Semal Tree
Salmalia malabarica Schott & Engl. (Bobax coba Linn or B. Malabaricum Dc.)
Family – BOMBOCACEAE . It is commonly know as semal / semal tree in hindi.
Vernacular Names semal tree
- Hindi : Semal
- English : Silk cotton tree
- Telugu : Burugu cettu
- Synonyms – Kantakandya, Picchila, Moca, Moca rasa (gum) Raktapuspa, Sthirayu.
Botanical Description of semal tree
(i) S. Malabarica – A large deciduous tree, armed with prickles. Leaves- digitately compound,
deciduous. Flowers- crimson red, axillary or subterminal, solitary or clustered, appearing before the
leaves. Bark-grey. Stamens many. Fruits- a 5-valued capsule; valves woody. Seeds-many, globose, pale
black, (Flowers in spring & early summer & fruits during winter).
(ii) C. Pentandra- A medium-sized deciduous tree, 15.2-30.5m. high. It yields dark-red, almost
opaque gum. Bark-grey or green when young. Leaves- digitally compound, deciduous. Flowers- White,
tufted at the end of branches or axillary. Fruits- oblong, 5-valved capsule, 12.2 x 5.1 cm. size. (flowers
during January-February & fruits in March-April).
Also Read – Gokshura / Tribulus terrestris
Rasa : Kasaya
Virya : Sita
Vipaka : Madhura
Guna : Laghu, Snigdha
Karma : Pitta-vata hara, Vrsya, Balya, Grahi, Rasayana.
Bark exudate (simul gum)- Gallic & tannic acids, D-galactopyranose etc.
Bark- Root bark-seeds- lupeol.
Flowers- Hentriacontane, hentriacontanol, gossypol etc.
Rakta pitta, Pravahika, Atisara, Rakta Pradara.
Atisara – Cold infusion of Salmali petioles (Vrnta) should be given with Yastimadhu & honey
Vrana – Salmali bark & Bala root etc., shall be applied externally (C.S.Ci.25)
Pradara – Salmali flowers are cooked with ghee & rock salt & given orally as vegetable dish (B.P.)
Root, Stem bark, flowers, petioles, spines, gum, unripe/tender fruits
Root powder 3-5g, gum 1-3g, flower juice 10-20ml.